September 30, 2020

TCAP Variety and germplasm releases (2014-2016)

 

2014. Thirteen cultivars with PVP plus 5 without PVP, 30 germplasm and 6 mapping populations.

2014 Cultivar releases

  1. ‘Egan’ (PVP= 201400394, 07/11/2014) is a hard red spring wheat released by MT State University. Egan was developed by marker-assisted selection to pyramid a gene for resistance to the orange wheat blossom midge, the high grain protein content gene Gpc-B1, the stripe rust resistance gene Yr36 and a Gli-B1/Glu-B3 allele for gluten strength.
  2. ‘Linkert’ (PVP= 201400242, 03/19/2014) is a hard red spring variety released by the MN wheat breeding program. Linkert is a strong straw, high protein variety. Linkert contains Lr34 and has shown near-immune adult-plant resistance to stem rust, including race TTKSK.
  3. ‘NE06545’ (PVP= 201400398, 07/21/2014) is a hard red winter variety released by the University of Nebraska wheat breeding program. ‘NE06545’ was released for its exceptionally broad adaptation in the northern Great Plains. NE06545 will be marketed as Husker Genetics Brand ‘Freeman’. NE06545 is resistant to wheat soilborne mosaic virus and has good quality. Molecular markers were used to determine the presence of the allele for wheat soilborne mosaic virus resistance and the glutenin alleles associated with better end-use quality characteristics. .
  4. ‘Sprinter’ (PVP= 201400223, 03/05/2014) is a hard red winter wheat selected for the Gpc-B1 gene for high grain protein content released by Washington State University.
  5. ‘Yorktown’ (PVP= 201400306, 04/14/2014) is a SRW released by Virginia Tech wheat breeding program that was selected with markers for the 1A.1R translocation.
  6. ‘Southern Harvest 3200’ (PVP= 201400389, 07/15/2014), ‘Featherstone 73’ (PVP= 201400388, 07/15/2014), ‘072014415’ (PVP= 201400305, 04/14/2014), MCIA Venus (SWWW VA09W-188WS, PVP= 201400307, 04/14/2014) and LCS Wizard (HRW VA08HRW-80, PVP= 201400349, 05/19/2014) are five varieties released by Virginia Tech. Molecular markers for Lr9, Lr37/Yr17, H13, FHB5AS, 1A.1R, and high molecular weight glutenins were used to select these lines.
  7. UI Platinum (IDO694C, PVP= 201400419, 08/06/2014) is a hard white spring wheat cultivar released for irrigated production by Jianli Chen from the University of Idaho wheat breeding program. This cultivar has industry preferred end-use quality for whole grain products. This line was selected using markers for GluD1 and GluA3 and GluB3 strong gluten alleles and for a QTL associated with baking volume.
  8. NE05548 (PVP = 201400410, 08/04/2014) is a hard red winter variety released by the University of Nebraska wheat breeding program. ‘NE05548’ was released for its very tall plant height for a semi-dwarf cultivar and its adaptation to western Nebraska where conventional tall wheat cultivars are needed due to drought, but do not have the grain yield of modern semi-dwarf cultivars. NE05548 has the yield and shorter coleoptile length of a semi-dwarf wheat, but the height of a conventional tall wheat. It will be marketed as Husker Genetics Brand ‘Panhandle’. Molecular markers were used to characterize the line (especially the dwarfing genes) and the genes that it contains confirming our phenotypic data.
  9. ‘Doublestop CL Plus’ (PVP= 201400228, 03/05/2014) is two-gene Clearfield HRW variety released the OAES. Owing to its partial resistance to leaf rust and tolerance to barley yellow dwarf, gene Lr34 was shown to be present in some plants of Doublestop CL Plus, as confirmed by a resistant haplotype for three polymorphic marker sites.

2014 Cultivar releases without PVP

  1. ‘Alba’ (released without PVP) is a 6-row winter barley released by Oregon State University and developed with support of TCAP markers. This variety is resistant to stripe rust and scald and has good kernel plumpness. High yields in the Pacific Northwest make it a first choice for feed and craft malting. In press at Journal of Plant Registrations.
  2. ‘Full Pint’ (released without PVP) is a spring 2-row barley released by Oregon State University and developed with support of TCAP markers. This semi-dwarf variety is resistant to stripe rust, leaf rust, and lodging. It has excellent quality for craft brewing and distilling and brings unique barley flavors to beers and spirits made with its malt.
  3. ‘Amaze 10’ (VA07H-31WS) is a high yielding hulless barley with good grain quality released by Virginia Tech Intellectual Properties, Inc. Marker were used to characterize the final line.
  4. Pembroke 2014 is a soft red winter developed by the University of Kentucky. Markers were used to confirm the presence of 3 FHB-resistance QTL.

2014 Germplasm releases

  1. Three lines with combined mutations in the starch branching enzymes SBEIIa and SBEIIB in the A genome (PI 670159), the B genome (PI 670171), and both A and B genomes (PI 670160). The last line shows a 900% increase in resistant starch (Journal of Plant Registration).
  2. Nine lines including isogenic pairs of tetraploid and hard spring hexaploid wheat lines with and without the Hope FT-B1 early flowering allele (PI 671995 to PI 672004). On average lines with the Hope FT-B1 allele show 2.6 days acceleration of flowering (P<0.0001) and 4.1% increase in spike weight (P=0.0093), although differences were detected among varieties (Journal of Heredity).
  3. Four near-isogenic lines winter wheat germplasm with good agronomic characteristics and contrasting in Fhb1 for Fusarium head blight resistance: PI 668559, PI 668560, PI 668561, and PI 668562.
  4. ‘OK05312’ is a HRW wheat developed cooperatively by the Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station (OAES), the Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station (KAES), and the USDA-ARS. OK05312 provides a contemporary source of resistance to multiple biotypes of wheat curl mite in a high-yielding background adapted to areas where the curl mite is most active. Marker analysis confirmed the presence of Cmc4 in OK05312 and the absence of any wheat-rye translocated chromosome and henceforth the absence of Cmc3, carried on the TIAL·IRS translocation.
  5. Three near isogenic lines of the 1RS translocation from Petkus in the Hahn, carrying a distal wheat introgression of the Glu-B3/Gli-B1 locus for strong gluten (PI 672839), a proximal introgression eliminating the Sec1 locus associated with sticky dough (PI 672838), and both wheat segments combined (PI 672837).
  6. Three durum lines with the introgression of the Glu-D1 2+12 allele from T. aestivum replacing the Glu-A1 allele from T. turgidum. UC 1113-Gpc-B1-2+12 (PI 672996), UC 1171-2+12 (PI 672997) and UC 1308-2+12 (PI 672998).
  7. Six mutants of the high-grain protein content genes GPC-A1, GPCD1 and GPC-B2. Tetraploid wheat mutants: PI 673413 (GPC-A1 WT: gpc-B2 MT), PI 673414 (gpc-A1 MT: GPC-B2 WT) and PI 673415 (gpc-A1 MT: gpc-B2 MT). Hexaploid wheat mutants PI 673410 (GPC-A1 WT: gpc-D1 MT), PI 673411 (gpc-A1 MT: GPC-D1 WT), and PI 673412 (gpc-A1 MT: gpc-D1 MT). All lines have a non-functional copy of gpc-B1

2014 Mapping populations

  1. Barley recombinant inbred line population (161 lines) Innovation x PI67381 to map resistance/susceptibility to spot form net blotch. Innovation is a susceptible six-rowed malting variety released by Busch and PI67381 is the most resistant SFNB line identified from the core collection.
  2. Barley recombinant inbred line population (138 lines) Quest x PI67381 to map resistance/susceptibility to spot form net blotch. Quest is a SFNB susceptible six-rowed malting variety released by UM and PI67381 is the most resistant SFNB line identified from the core collection.
  3. Barley recombinant inbred line population (130 lines) AC Metcalfe x PI67381 to map resistance/susceptibility to spot form net blotch. AC Metcalfe is a susceptible two-rowed malting variety released by Ag Canada and PI67381 is the most resistant SFNB line identified from the core collection.
  4. Barley recombinant inbred line population (160 lines) Celebration x PI67381 to map resistance/susceptibility to spot form net blotch. Celebration is a susceptible six-rowed malting variety released by Busch and PI67381 is the most resistant SFNB line identified from the core collection.
  5. Barley recombinant inbred line population (101 lines) Conrad x PI67381 to map resistance/susceptibility to spot form net blotch. Conrad is a susceptible two-rowed malting variety released by Busch and PI67381 is the most resistant SFNB line identified from the core collection.
  6. Barley recombinant inbred line population (160 lines) Pinnacle x PI 84314 to map resistance/susceptibility to spot form net blotch. Pinnacle is a susceptible two-rowed malting variety released by NDSU and PI84314 is the second most resistant SFNB line identified from the core collection.
  7. Spring wheat DH population (114 lines) UI Platinum x SY Capstone to map grain yield, yield components, stripe rust, bread baking quality grown in diverse environments. This population has been genotyped by 90K SNP and GBS data.
  8. Winter wheat DH population (134 lines) UI Silver x Shaan89150 to map stripe rust, dwarf bunt, snowmold, bread baking quality. This population has been genotyped with 90K SNP and GBS data.
  9. Winter wheat DH population (156 lines) IDO835 x Moreland to map stripe rust, dwarf bunt, snomold, bread baking quality.

2015.  Sixteen cultivars, 34 germplasm, 7 mapping populations.

2015 Variety releases

  1. ‘Yurok’ (UC1745, PVP 201500492) is a Hard Red Spring variety from California submitted for PVP September 2015. TCAP support was used for the selection of the high molecular weight glutenin allele Glu-D1d allele and the functional Gpc-B1 allele for high grain protein content from wild wheat.
  2. Bolles’ (PVP application in progress) is a hard red spring variety released by the MN wheat breeding program. Bolles has exceptionally high grain protein and competitive grain yields. Bolles contains Lr34 and has shown near-immune adult-plant resistance to leaf rust, and moderate resistance to Fusarium head blight.
  3. ‘Vision 45’ (PVPO No. 201400492) is a hard red winter from Virginia Tech Intellectual Properties. This variety has a dwarfing gene different from Rht1, Rht2, or Rht8.
  4. ‘Bentley’, is a HRW wheat cultivar pending PVP submission by Oklahoma State University on behalf of Oklahoma Genetics, Inc. This variety carries leaf rust resistance genes Lr21, Lr39/41 (Ae. tauschii) and Lr37/Yr17/Sr38 (2NS translocation), TaXA21-A1 (stripe rust), and AlMT1 that confers effective tolerance to aluminum toxicity in acidic soils.
  5. ‘NE10589’, a HRW wheat cultivar has been recommended for release by the Small Grains variety Release Committee and is pending PVP submission by the University of Nebraska. This variety carries Lr37/Yr17/Sr38 (2NS translocation), Rht1-B1b (dwarfing gene), Glu-D15+10 (strong gluten), and AlMT1 (tolerance to aluminum toxicity). It is heterogeneous for Sbm1 which conveys resistance to wheat soil borne mosaic virus. It is targeted for production in Nebraska and adjacent states, particularly those north of Nebraska.
  6. ‘Erie’ (released without PVP) is a soft red winter wheat released jointly by Ohio State University and Cornell University. This variety has excellent resistance to powdery mildew, Stagonospora leaf blotch, glume blotch, leaf rust, wheat soilborne mosaic virus and Fusarium Head Blight. Erie has shown consistently high yields in New York.
  7. ‘Sunshine’ (CO09W293, PI 674741, PVP No. 201500387) is a hard white winter wheat developed by the Colorado Agricultural Experiment Station. Sunshine carries the high molecular wheat glutenin gene Glu-B1al (Bx7OE+8) confirmed by the presence of DNA KASP assay developed at CSU.
  8. ‘Avery’ (CO11D174) is a hard red winter wheat developed by the Colorado Agricultural experiment station. DNA marker assays for high molecular weight glutenin subunits have shown that Avery carries the Glu-A1b, Glu-B1b, and Glu-D1d high molecular weight glutenin alleles and that it does no not carry the 1RS translocation. GBS has confirmed that Avery carries the Gb3 gene for resistance to Greenbug.
  9. Wheat varieties ‘LCS Compass’ (PVP 201500494, filed 10/07/2015), ‘Hilliard’, and ‘AgriMAXX 462’ were released by Virginia Tech. PVP applications submitted 2015
  10. Pembroke 2016 is a soft red winter developed by the University of Kentucky. Markers were used to confirm the presence of resistance alleles at the Fhb1 QTL
  11. Buck is a winter naked six row variety released by Oregon State University in 2015. Buck is intended of human food uses and for specialty uses. Buck has better threshability and disease resistance than its predecessor #STRKR. PVP application pending.
  12. ‘Jasper’, soft white winter wheat released in 2015 by Washington State University, PVP pending submission.
  13. ‘Earl’, hard white winter wheat released 2015 by Washington State University, PVP pending submission.
  14. Melba Spring Club Wheat in 2015 by Washington State University. PVP pending submission.
  15. BSR-27 is a spring hooded six-row variety released by Oregon State University in 2015. BSR-27 is intended for forage production per se and for use in forage mixes. BSR-27 has good forage and grain yields and is resistant to prevailing diseases. PVP application pending.
  16. 2015 Germplasm releases (34)
  17. Ten near-isogenic lines for different Glu-A3 and Glu-B3 alleles for gluten strength in the genetic background of ProINTA Imperial: PI 674000  ProINTA Imperial, PI 674001  ProINTA Imperial NIL Glu-A3e, PI 674002  ProINTA Imperial NIL Glu-A3f, PI 674003  ProINTA Imperial NIL Glu-A3g, PI 674004  ProINTA Imperial NIL Glu-B3a, PI 674005  ProINTA Imperial NIL Glu-B3bBuck Poncho, PI 674006  ProINTA Imperial NIL Glu-B3bRetacon INTA, PI 674007  ProINTA Imperial NIL Glu-B3g, PI 674008  ProINTA Imperial NIL Glu-B3iBuck Manantial, PI 674009  ProINTA Imperial NIL Glu-B3iNorkin Churrinche.
  18. Six near-isogenic lines for different gw2-A1 mutants for increased grain size in tetraploid Kronos and hexaploid Paragon wheat. BC4F3 sibling lines carrying the gw2-A1 mutant allele had significantly increased thousand grain weight due to both wider and longer grains when compared to the isogenic sibling lines carrying a wild type allele at Gw2-A1.
  19. Three Glu-D12+12 isogenic lines in durum wheat: PI 672996 (UC 1113-GpcB1-Glu-D12+12), PI 672997 (UC1171-Glu-D12+12), PI 672998 (UC1308-Glu-D12+12).
  20. Fifteen isogenic lines for Ppd-D1 and Ppd-B1 in five hard red spring wheat backgrounds. Three isogenic lines were released per background. Released by MSU.
  21. #STRKR is a winter naked food barley germplasm consisting of a mixture of three component pure lines in similar proportions

2015 mapping populations

  1. A population of 136 common wheat RILs from the cross UC1478//MADSEN/2*EXPRESS segregating for number of spikelets per spike. This population is being genotyped with the 90K SNP.
  2. A population of 96 tetraploid wheat RILs from the cross Krons/ Gredho (from Oman) segregating for number of spikelets per spike. This population has been genotyped with a 384 SNP chip and the parental lines with the 90K SNP.
  3. Spring wheat DH population UI Platinum x LCS Star and UI Platinum x LCS Atomo to map grain cadmium uptake.
  4. Spring wheat association panel (144 lines from PNW and 46 lines from the international nursery) to do association mapping of FHB. GBS data is available.
  5. CO940610 / Platte: winter wheat doubled haploid mapping population, segregating for bread making quality traits. The population of 185 lines was genotyped at 250 marker loci, mostly microsatellites.
  6. A winter wheat population of 282 DH from the cross Duster x Billings (OK) segregating for reaction to Hessian fly Biotype GB. This population is mapped using 2,360 GBS markers.
  7. The TCAP FAC-WIN6 is a barley panel for genome wide association studies of low temperature tolerance, nitrogen use efficiency, malting quality, stripe rust resistance, and grain yield.

2016. Fourteen variety releases, 5 germplasm releases, 3 pending submissions

2016 variety releases

  1. ‘Patwin-515HP’ (UC1743, PVP pending) is a semidwarf spring common wheat with white and hard grains developed by UC Davis. This variety was developed by backcrossing the high grain-protein gene GPC-B1 and the stripe rust resistance gene Yr36 into the variety Patwin-515 using marker assisted backcrossing.
  2. ‘Tahoe’ (UC1409, PVP pending) is a two-row spring malting barley selected from a mapping population developed to study Cereal Yellow Dwarf Virus (CYDV, Butta 12 x Madre Selva). Tahoe carry all four QTL for tolerance to CYDV, and it was further selected for its excellent malting quality and agronomic characteristics.
  3. ‘Shelly’ (PVP application in progress) is a hard red spring variety released by the MN wheat breeding program. Shelly has grain yields comparable to the highest yielding varieties in the region, but has higher grain protein. Shelly also has moderate resistance to Fusarium head blight, containing Fhb‘UI Sparrow’ soft white winter wheat adapted to irrigated and drylands in ID and WA with very good winter hardness. UI Sparrow has immune resistance to dwarf bunt (for organic wheat production) and to all predominant races of stripe rust except for PSTv-40 (but has HTAP resistance).
  4. VA10W-96 is an early maturing SRW wheat variety having high test weight and resistance to powdery mildew, leaf rust, and stripe rust.
  5. VA10W-119 is an early maturing SRW wheat variety having high test weight and gene H13 conferring resistance to Hessian fly.
  6. VA11W-106 is a broadly adapted, high yielding, full season SRW wheat variety having resistance to powdery mildew, leaf rust and stripe rust.
  7. Vision 50 (VA09HRW-64) is a broadly adapted HRW wheat variety that is resistant to leaf and stripe rusts.
  8. ‘Langin’ (CO11D446) is a hard red winter wheat developed by the Colorado Agricultural experiment station and released in fall DNA marker assays for high molecular weight glutenin subunits have shown that Langin carries the Glu-A1b, Glu-B1b, and Glu-D1d high molecular weight glutenin alleles, that it does not carry the 1RS wheat-rye translocation, and it carries the Sbm1 allele conferring resistance to wheat soilborne mosaic virus”.
  9. ‘Seahawk’, PVP 201600078, Soft white spring wheat with Yr5 and Yr15 selected by MAS, Hessian fly resistance, FHB tolerance, aluminum tolerance, and excellent yield and quality, suitable for dryland and irrigated production being adopted in Oregon, Idaho, and Washington.
  10. ‘Alum’, PVP 201600077 Hard red spring wheat with very good stripe rust resistance, aluminum tolerance, Hessian fly resistance, excellent milling and baking quality, and broad adaptation.
  11. ‘Chet’, PVP Standard height (tall) hard red spring wheat with very good stripe rust resistance, aluminum tolerance, Hessian fly resistance, excellent milling and baking quality, and adaptation to very dry regions of the inland PNW.
  12. ‘Lanning’ (PI 676978) is a hard red spring wheat variety with excellent end-use quality. Lanning is well- adapted to dryland areas of Montana.
  13. ‘MT1173’ is a Clearfield variety with two genes for resistance to imidazolinone herbicides. Initial selection of herbicide resistance was accomplished using molecular markers. The variety has been licensed to a private company for commercialization.
  14. OH08-206-69, soft red winter wheat line released in the fall of 2016 as a public variety
  15. OH09-207-68, soft red winter wheat line released in the fall of 2016 for licensing
  16. OH07-263-3, soft red winter wheat line released in the fall of 2016 for licensing

2016 germplasm releases

  1. PI 676269: synthetic hexaploid wheat developed at UC Davis carrying loss of function mutations at all three VRN2 loci (first vrn2-null spring hexaploid wheat).
  2. PI 675644-675647: four mutant combinations of SbeIIa and SbeIIb mutants in hexaploid wheat. The quintuple mutant (PI 675647). Presented 63% increase in amylose and 1,057% increase in resistant starch relative to the control, and differed in starch viscosity parameters.

Pending submission to PVP

  1. IDO1108DH soft white winter wheat is being released for dry land production in winter This line was developed by double haploids and has high yield under limited irrigation in SE ID and in NID and WA low pH soil production areas, has complex disease resistances to stripe rust, snow mold, dwarf bunt, very good winter hardness and low grain cadmium.
  2. Ryan, Tekoa, and Melba are common wheat varieties that have been commercially adopted and are pending PVP submission from Washington State University.
  3. CO09W293 is a common wheat variety pending PVP submission from Colorado State University.